Xanax Side Effects, Drug Information

05:21 | Sarah Barnes
Xanax Side Effects, Drug Information

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, in 2011, there were over 1.2 million emergency department visits overall related to the nonmedical use of prescription drugs - alprazolam was involved in 10% of those visits.12.

Xanax works by boosting the effects of a natural chemical made in the brain called gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Benzodiazepines act on the brain and central nervous system to produce a calming effect.2 Xanax slows down the movement of brain chemicals that may have become unbalanced, resulting in a reduction in nervous tension and anxiety.

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GABA is an amino acid C 4 H 9 NO 2 that is a neurotransmitter, which induces inhibition of postsynaptic neurons - slows down activity of nerve cells in the brain.3.

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More detail and supporting information is in the main article. Here are some key points about Xanax.

These symptoms must not be secondary to another psychiatric disorder or caused by some organic factor.4.

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Contents of this article:

The number of emergency department visits involving the non-medical use of the sedative alprazolam doubled from 57,419 to 124,902 during the years 2005 to 2010, and then remained stable at 123,744 in 2011.

Generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by unrealistic or excessive anxiety and worry about two or more life circumstances, for a period of 6 months or longer, during which the person has been bothered more days than not by these concerns.4.

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Panic disorder (DSM-IV) is characterized by recurrent unexpected panic attacks, i.e., a discrete period of intense fear or discomfort in which four or more of the following symptoms develop abruptly and reach a peak within 10 minutes:4.

Xanax is often abused for the fast-acting, relaxed "high" it can give to people who take it, including people without a prescription.10.

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To ensure safe and effective use of benzodiazepines, all patients prescribed with Xanax should be provided with the following guidance:

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According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), benzodiazepines such as Xanax were responsible for most of the emergency room visits attributed to central-nervous-system depressants in 2009.

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Long-term abuse and addiction to Xanax is associated with depression, psychotic experiences, and aggressive or impulsive behavior, as said by the Coalition Against Drug Abuse.

Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment with an anxiolytic (a type of prescription medication used to treat symptoms of acute anxiety).4. Xanax is indicated for the management of anxiety disorder or the short-term relief of symptoms of anxiety.

Article last updated on Thu 4 February 2016. Visit our Anxiety / Stress category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Anxiety / Stress. All references are available in the References tab.

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APA Nichols, H. (2016, February 4). "Xanax: Side Effects, Drug Information." Medical News Today. Retrieved from /articles/263490.php.

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Alprazolam was the 13th most commonly sold medication in 2012 and was the psychiatric medication most commonly prescribed in 2011.

You should not take Xanax if you:

Xanax is also indicated for the treatment of panic disorder, with or without agoraphobia, and may reduce the number of panic attacks experienced.4,7.

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The FDA approved alprazolam in October 1981.

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According to the SAMHSA report, in 81% of cases, alprazolam was mixed with another drug (including alcohol).

Xanax is a federally controlled substance because it has abuse potential.8.

For all users of Xanax:4.

Alprazolam is an anti-anxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family, the same family that includes diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin), lorazepam (Ativan), flurazepam (Dalmane), and others.9 Xanax works by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain.11.

Xanax is a brand name for the drug alprazolam, which belongs to a group of drugs called benzodiazepines.1.

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Inform your doctor if you have asthma or other breathing problems, glaucoma, kidney or liver diseases, history of alcoholism or depression, suicidal thoughts or an addiction to drugs or alcohol.

The most common drug combinations encountered in ER patients are Xanax and alcohol, and Xanax combined with prescription opiates like hydrocodone and oxycodone.

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Brands of alprazolam include:1,11,13.

Drugs.com, Xanax, accessed 21 April 2015. PDR Health, Xanax, accessed 22 April 2015. WebMD, Xanax, accessed 21 April 2015. WebMD, Xanax side effects, accessed 22 April 2015. Medline Plus, Alprazolam, accessed 22 April 2015. RX List, Xanax, accessed 22 April 2015. MedicineNet, Alprazolam, accessed 22 April 2015. NAMI, Alprazolam (Xanax), accessed 22 April 2015. Merriam Webster, Gamma–aminobutyric acid, accessed 21 April 2015. Everyday Health, What is Xanax? accessed 22 April 2015. Pfizer, Xanax alprazolam tablet, accessed 21 April 2015. SAMHSA, Emergency departments see increased visits involving the nonmedical use of sedative alprazolam, accessed 22 April 2015. Drugs.com, What is alprazolam? accessed 21 April 2015.

At least six of the following symptoms are often present in these patients:4.

Fast facts on Xanax.

< /articles/263490.php>. MLA Nichols, Hannah. Web. 2016. 2016. MediLexicon, Intl., 4 Feb. "Xanax: Side Effects, Drug Information." Medical News Today. 7 Sep.